Psychology is the analysis of mental health and behaviour. It might be difficult to communicate the comprehensiveness of psychology because it is such a vast subject. As a result, several discrete disciplines of psychology have evolved to address specialised subtopics within the exploration of the mind, brain, and behaviour.
Each branch of psychology is a subset of psychology that focuses on a single topic. Psychologists frequently choose to specialize in one of these areas as a profession. Below are only a few of psychology’s important branches.
Abnormal Psychology – Psychopathology and aberrant conduct are studied in abnormal psychology. Anxiety and depression are among the psychological problems that mental health professionals assist in assessing, diagnosing, and treating. This field frequently employs counsellors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists working for the betterment of mental health.
Clinical Psychology – Clinical psychology is the study of mental illness, aberrant behaviour, and psychiatric illnesses, as well as the diagnosis and management of these conditions. Clinicians operate in a variety of settings, including private offices, community centres, and universities and colleges.
Cognitive Psychology – The field of psychology that emphasizes inner mental experiences is known as cognitive psychology. Since its inception in the 1960s, this branch of psychology has expanded rapidly. The science of how humans think, understand, and remember is the focus of this branch of psychology.
Counselling Psychology – Counselling psychology is one of psychology’s most diverse subspecialties. It focuses on helping those who are suffering from mental illness and a multitude of psychotic disorders. According to the Society of Counselling Psychology, the discipline may help people enhance their interrelationship functioning throughout their lives by enhancing their mental – interpersonal health as well as fixing issues about health, employment, family, marriage, and other issues.
Developmental Psychology – The field of developmental psychology studies how people evolve and grow throughout their lives. Human development is a scientific study that focuses on understanding and describing how and why individuals evolve throughout their lives. The maturation process, cognitive growth, psychological changes, social growth, and perceptive changes are all topics that developmental psychologists investigate throughout a lifetime.
Educational Psychology – The branch of psychology dealing with schools, teaching psychology, educational challenges, and student concerns is known as educational psychology. Educational or child psychologists frequently investigate how students learn or collaborate with kids, parents, educators, and administrators to enhance student outcomes.
They might look into how various variables affect individual student results. Learning impairments, giftedness, the teaching method, and individual variations are among the issues they research.
Forensic Psychology– Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with legal and psychological difficulties. Psychologists working in this field apply psychological ideas to legal challenges. This might entail researching criminal behaviour and therapies or working in the legal system.
Health Psychology – Health psychology is a branch of psychology that studies how biology, psychology, behaviour, and social factors interact to determine health and sickness. Medical psychology and behavioural medicine are two phrases that are occasionally used simultaneously with the phrase health psychology. Health psychology is concerned with the promotion of good health as well as the diagnosis and management of sickness and illness.
School Psychology – School psychology is a profession that includes working in schools to assist students with educational, behavioural, and social problems. To assist promote a healthy educational environment, school psychologists engage with instructors, students, and parents.
The majority of school or child psychologists work with kids, although some also work in private clinics, hospitals, government agencies, and universities. Some, particularly those with a doctorate in school psychology, move into private practice and work as counsellors.
Psychology is continually changing, with new disciplines and branches emerging all the time. It’s crucial to remember that no one discipline of psychology is more significant or superior than the others. Each field adds to our knowledge of the numerous psychological aspects that determine who you are, how you behave, and how you feel.
About Author: Dr Pankaja is a psychologist and therapist at Mental Wellness Centre (Gurugram, Haryana, India). She has a long experience of working in the mental health area and has worked with individuals, children, and families who have faced trauma, autism, a variety of mental health disorders, as well as legal and socioeconomic difficulties.
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